BUDDHIST SITES IN INDIA
There are between four and sixteen principal Buddhist places in India, with the most important located primarily in the Ganges Valley of India.
LUMBINI: One of the most important sites for Buddhist circuit packages is Lumbini, located near the Nepal-India border. This is where Gautam Buddha was born to a royal family in 556 B.C.E. Many auspicious signs accompanied the Buddha's birth, including the sprouting of the bodhi tree. The great Buddhist ruler Ashoka visited the site two centuries later, constructing a stupa (mound, usually of earth) and pillar in recognition. Although largely destroyed now, these remain important marks of the Buddha's birthplace.
BODHGAYA: Lord Buddha attained enlightenment at the age of 29 in the town of Bodhgaya in India which is one of the most important Buddhist places in India & is an important site in each every Buddhist circuit packages. After three days and nights of profound meditation his goal was realised. The Bodhi tree under which Lord Buddha sat has been destroyed both intentionally and naturally many times since this time of enlightenment. It has continued to re sprout and is visible today.
SARNATH: Sarnath is also marked as an important place in Buddhist circuit tour as it lies in Varanasi (Kashi).At Sarnath in the Ganges Valley of India , the Buddha proclaimed the law of faith. It was here that he taught the keys aspects of Buddhism: the four noble truths, the eightfold path and the middle way philosophy.The remains of monasteries dating from the third century B.C.E. to the first century C.E. indicate a thriving monastic community.
SRAVASTI: Another of the most commonly visited places of Buddhist pilgrimage is Sravasti. It is here that the Buddha is said to have performed great miracles. One story tells of how on throwing down the seed of a mango, a great mango tree instantly arose. Another story tells of how the Buddha stood in the air, the lower part of his body engulfed in flames, with five hundred jets of water streaming from the top of his body.
SANKASIA: Sankasia also falls in one of the important Budhhist circuit India tour because Lord Buddha descended from the Tushita Heaven. It is said that during the forty-first year of the Buddha's life, he went to the Tushita Heaven to teach Dharma to his mother, who had died shortly after the Buddha's death.Ashoka later built a Temple on the site.Today, little of the site's glory remains. This is the only important place of Buddhist pilgrimage where no temples, or monasteries exist today.
NALANDA & RAJGIR:Both of these sites are an important proclaimed destinations in Buddhist circuit India & are marked as important both because it was blessed with the presence of the Buddha,and because of the famous monastic university developed there that’s why it is added in each & every Buddhist circuit tour.Rajgir is another place in the Ganges Valley where the Buddha walked and preached.Perhaps the most important event of the Buddha's visits to Rajgir was the conversion of two future disciples, Sariputra and Maudgalyayana. While Sariputra was credited with greater intelligence, Maudgalyayana wielded a greater power for miracles.
The places of birth and enlightenment are perhaps the two most important sites of pilgrimage for Buddhists in the world today. These are accompanied by a number of other sites marking the spread of Buddhism throughout the Indian sub-continent.